Just like your fingerprint, your gut microbiome can identify you. The gut is composed of millions of bacteria, from the mouth all the way down to the colon. Many pathways that occur to break down food are conducted by these organisms. This means that the foods that we eat are only partially broken down by our own bodies and the bacteria carry out the rest of the processes. The gut metagenome (complete collection or set of genetic material from multiple organisms) has a higher coding capacity than the human genome (an individual set of genetic material or DNA)!1 The gut microbiota is considered to be a metabolic organ because of its high potential to break down food and provide energy to the body.
You’re probably aware of all about the hype surrounding prebiotics and probiotics. However, have you ever wondered what are they exactly? How can you consume more of them? And, do you have to break the bank to make them a part of your diet?
Probiotics are “good bacteria” that provide health benefits to those who consume them.1,2 Probiotics mainly live in the intestines, and their known health benefits have been traced back as far as 460–370 BC when Hippocrates stated: “All diseases begin in the gut.”1
Honey is a natural product formed from the nectar of flowers by honeybees. It has widely been used for its therapeutic effect as well as nutritional purposes. It is primarily fructose and glucose, but also contains many amino acids, vitamins, minerals, and enzymes. Within the estimated 200 different substances that make up honey, they work together to create a synergistic antioxidant effect.1Continue reading →
What are probiotics? The definition for probiotics vary, but the one most accepted by the scientific community is that they are “live microorganisms, that when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host” (FAO 2001, as revised by Hill et al. 2014). Continue reading →